Hanleni halsen (introduction)

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Joe Mondello

Ro auheyz myjisaz muushhayik naksil,
e' naytayses plaat rim tartel skrazual
e' ryha ro noshim ma�ingayn mek beyzanak
kasko ky ro vyya misaalis pony meynayn?

The song from the bird is about importance
A Heron's clothes clean with dew
A Lark religiously praises the sky at evening
But is the birdish way understood at all?

ro  auhey-z   m-yj-isa-z muushay-ik     naksil
the song-Pl   bird-G-Pl  important-ness deal.with

e' naytays-es plaat    rim   tart-el skr-az-ual
a  heron-G    clothes  cut   clean-F dew-with

This requires a little explaining. rim + verb-F is the middle voice. Nzva uses modal constructions whose meanings are rarely clear from their literal meanings. Nzva verbs have two endings, Present (no ending) and Future (-l/-el). When used with the same modal verb, each form has its own distinct meaning. For example, rim tartel means "cleans" in the middle voice, but rim tart means "stops cleaning".

e' ryha ro  noshim ma�ing-ayn  mek    b-eyz-anak
a  lark the sky    religion-ly praise evening-at

kasko  ky    ro  vyya mis-aalis pony       meyn-ayn?
but    lie   the way  bird-ish  understand least-ly?

Another case of the cryptic modals. ky + verb is the passive construction. Here the modal, ky, precedes the subject, vyya, indicating this is a yes/no question. meynayn means "at all".


Pl Plural
G Genitive
F Future
(Mid) Middle voice
(Pass) Passive

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© Irina Rempt, Joe Mondello 23-06-1999