List of translations
Hal het u sjyx it hw sin se lit ak lu ong tjang y ak u lu tjang lu
kjwna. Ong su tjang xo tax king net xus. Tax tjang tuk jo jes.
In the beginning there was a very good, rude word coming from the sea to scare away the foulness in the sea.
But the scared foulness made itself indistinguishable from the good.
I understand everything that is foul.
When begin very good and rude word come from sea scare foul and make foul flee from water.
But scare foul [START] perceive like good.
I mind perceive everything foul.
Valence information is given by using variables for the dependents of
the entries in the lexicon: G for a controller (the phrase left of the
word), S for the controlled (the phrase right of the word). Some
phrases may have two controlled sub-phrases, thus requiring two steps
of composition. These are named S1 (the first phrase to the right)
and S2 (the second phrase to the right).
hal very S
het S is good (inherently); G is good (by own control); being good
hw G (happens) when S
it G speaks ((about) S); word
jo 1stP pronoun: my G; I; me; mine; we; our G; us; ours; marker for most immediate spacetime in the view of the speaker, i.e., in time context: now; in location context: here
king S2 is similar/equal to S1
kjwna S2 is separated from S1 (by chance or inherently); G is separated from S (by own control)
la S does (the last mentioned action that involved no G); S is ((in) the last mentioned state); particle S becomes (true) (often left out in formal or written language, but seldom in colloqial speech)
lit large, great
lit ak ocean, sea
lu G does (the last mentioned action that involved a G);
particle G makes that S (happens) (often left out in formal or written language, but seldom in colloqial speech)
lu kjwna G flees from S
ong S is scared; S is anxious
sin in front of G; before G; start/beginning of G
sjyx S is coarse/rude (inherently); G is rude (by own control)
su particle reference to the internal head of a relative clause. The head follows.
tax S2 perceives S1
tjang S is foul (inherently); G is foul (by own will); foulness
tuk all/both G
u particle coordination, i.e. "and", "or", "but", etcetera. Makes one phrase from two phrases without any of the two modifying the other. It is placed between the two phrases. The two coordinated phrases must have the same valence, i.e. the combined phrase may take dependents, and these are assigned to both sub-phrases.
y G (takes place) at S
xo particle start of a sub-phrase. Marks a break and tells you not to quickly combine the previous phrase to the next one, but to the very long phrase that comes.
xus G withstands; but G
© Irina Rempt,
Henrik Theiling 2001