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Livagian

And Rosta



oesq pkhyrxe nju i khlahy lanq uhgh yhgh juh glynq rxokhl gkhnqehr wahw wahw mel oe ugh plaw sohw oh khluuv nju ehr waana plahj oesq gghoekhg ugh ju plahw e rxokhl u wah ahw tylfa dsohw oesq gghoekhg oe ugh ehr khluuv plaw snoj o jatbwr je oesq wahw mel uhzq wah gghoekhg nqgrahw li


The maledicta

Talk originated in the sea and at the beginning of the temporal world. It was very very good. The foul came into being and put its true signification in the sea; this made talk flee from the things talk made frightening. The foul caused there to be an inability to distinguish between the very good and that which the foul feared. Everything truly foul, I understand.


Note

Because it would be a hopeless task to explain sufficient Livagian grammar in prose or note form, I've supplied the annotated sentence diagrams. Reading the diagrams in conjunction with the glossary should make the meaning clear, while at the same time giving some sense of how the grammar works.

Glossary

The function of asterisked items is not explained; the information they convey is captured in the annotated sentence diagrams.

ahw VALENCY/DIATHESIS SPECIFIER*
dsohw ANAPHOR*
e VALENCY/DIATHESIS SPECIFIER*
ehr VALENCY/DIATHESIS SPECIFIER*
ehr VALENCY/DIATHESIS SPECIFIER*
gghoekhg D is foul
gkhnqehr F originates at G
glynq spacetime
i there exists some X such that Y is true
jatbwr F is unable to distinguish among members of set G
je the set of X and Y
ju D begins
juh D begins
khlahy VALENCY/DIATHESIS SPECIFIER*
khluuv G scares F
lanq language (khlahy lang - E is an event of language use)
li I/me
mel D is good
nju PARTICLE* [The form /nju/ is obsolete, but there is not yet any current replacement.]
nqgrahw F understands G
o VALENCY/DIATHESIS SPECIFIER*
oe it/the - - referent establishable by addressee
oesq it/the - referent establishable by addressee
oh VALENCY/DIATHESIS SPECIFIER*
pkhyrxe D is a rude/crude/lewd utterance
plahj G causes F
plahw G causes F
plaw G causes F
rxokhl sea (e rxokhl - F is in sea G)
snoj ANAPHOR*
sohw ANAPHOR*
tylfa F signifies G
u the one thing such that ...
ugh X and Y are true
uhgh X, Y and Z are true
uhzq every Z is such that either X is false or Y is true
waana F flees from G
wah D is true
wahw D is very true
yhgh each of X and Y are such that...


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© Irina Rempt, And Rosta 2001